Theobromine is an essential component of cacao it is a methylxanthine compound similar to caffeine. Like caffeine, theobromine crosses the blood-brain barrier and binds to adenosine receptors, suggesting it might share caffeine’s beneficial effects on mood and vigilance. Theobromine is a part of a group of purine alkaloids which can elicit various physiological effects.
Although Theobromine is related to caffeine and exerts similar effects, theobromine does not affect the body through the central nervous system stimulation. Instead, it induces muscular relaxation of the smooth muscle tissue. However, the presence of an additional methyl group increases its half-life and slows system clearance – thus making its effects longer-lasting. For this reason, combined with its mild stimulating effect, Theobromine offers benefits to endurance athletes and will allow them to work at a high intensity for much longer than otherwise.
Theobromine stimulates heart muscles also relaxing bronchial smooth muscles in the lungs. It also plays an important role in the transmission of intracellular signals. It is worth noting that theobromine has antioxidant activity, as several of these antioxidant compounds may be effective treatments for depressive disorders.
Perhaps the best-known effect of Theobromine is as a vasodilator, and it is regularly prescribed by doctors in order to relieve the symptoms of angina pectoris. In the human body, theobromine levels are halved between 6-10 hours after consumption. This natural substance has been used as a drug for its diuretic effect, particularly in cases where cardiac failure has resulted in an accumulation of body fluid.
Because of its ability to dilate blood vessels, theobromine also has been used to treat high blood pressure. It works by acting on the nerves in the veins and causing them to relax in order to allow more blood to flow. For this reason, combined with its mild stimulating effect, Theobromine offers benefits to endurance athletes and will allow them to work at a high intensity for much longer than otherwise.